Your home's paved driveway provides a solid surface for your vehicles to drive and park upon, keeping them free of the dirt and mud throughout the year. With as much use and wear as your pavement receives, it is a good idea to take care of it by doing routine maintenance and completing repairs as they are needed. Here are some tips to help you keep your pavement in good repair so it can last as long as possible for you.
Remove Weed and Vegetation Growth
One of the first ways your concrete or asphalt can become damaged is by the growth of vegetation within its cracks. However small the cracks first may appear, they can provide an area for seeds to become caught and germinate. As vegetation grows within cracks, they cause the cracks to widen, further damaging your pavement surface.
It is recommended to keep an eye on any cracks in your pavement and to remove weeds as they sprout. Pull the weeds to remove the entire root, or dig them from the crack with the end of a screwdriver. You can also apply a weed killer to the vegetation to stop its growth and prevent further growth. Once you have removed vegetation and weed growth, you should fill the crack to repair it and prevent further damage.
Repair and Patch Cracks and Holes
The first step to repairing a crack in your concrete or asphalt is to clean the crack of any dirt, sand, or other debris. Sweep out the debris with a broom, or flush it with a pressure washer or your garden hose with a nozzle attachment. Allow the crack to dry fully before patching with your repair materials.
For concrete, you will need a tub of pre-mixed concrete patch to fill each crack. Press the concrete patch material into the depth of the crack, using a trowel. Slide the blade of the trowel through the concrete filler within the crack to eliminate any air bubbles you think may be present. Level the filler over the surface of the crack with the trowel, smoothing it even with the surrounding surfaces.
For cracks in your asphalt, you can fill small cracks with a liquid asphalt filler, which you can find in a tube at most home improvement stores. This filler is liquid and self-leveling. For larger cracks, fill them with a bagged pre-mixed asphalt cold patch. Scoop it into the crack with a shovel or trowel and compact it down until the surface is level with the surrounding areas.
After you have filled and repaired cracks in your concrete, you can apply a concrete sealant to protect the surface and prevent moisture permeation and crack damage. Your asphalt can be similarly protected by hiring an asphalt company like Premier Asphalt Paving CO to apply a layer of seal coating to restore the surface and protect it from moisture.